Types of Wood Used for Manufacturing Home Furniture

There are 100+ types of Wood available in the Local & International markets for manufacturing Wooden Furniture. It makes it confusing for customers regarding the selection of wood type.

We have shortlisted the best types of Wood (Solid & Engineered Wood) to help you choose the one according to your tastes, preferences, and requirements. Let us walk you through them.

Types of Wood for Wooden Furniture Manufacturing

Solid Wood Furniture

Furniture pieces manufactured from Solid Wood are sawed & milled directly from trees trunk. There are numerous Solid Wood furniture species, and each has its own characteristics & features. Technically, there are two primary types of Solid Wood Furniture – Softwood & Hardwood.

Softwood Furniture

Softwood is procured from coniferous trees. Their growth cycle is rapid & leaves don’t shed annually. Softwood is highly used in the manufacturing of heavy furniture pieces. Softwood includes the following:

  • Redwood
  • Cedar
  • Douglas Fir
  • Spruce
  • American Elm
  • White Pine
Hardwood Furniture

Hardwood is derived from species of flowering plants (Angiosperms). They need a long time to grow and shed their leaves frequently. Hardwood species have denser wood structures & firmly packed grain. Hardwood includes the following:

  • Oak
  • African Teakwood
  • Spanish & Cuban Mahogany
  • Maple
  • Mangowood
  • Rubberwood
  • Walnut
  • Ash (White)
  • Birch
  • Cherry
  • Acacia
  • Rosewood (Sheesham)

Let us move to the next principal type of wood after Solid Wood – Engineered Wood Furniture.

Engineering Wood Furniture

It is directly milled from the tree’s trunk. It is manufactured artificially by binding or fixing real wood pieces, scrap wood, strands, shredded wood fibers, veneers, or wood boards with adhesives to make products that appear & act like wood but are designed to be more robust & durable.

Engineered wood boards are made from the same softwoods & hardwoods employed to manufacture lumber but mixed with additives (adhesives).

Engineered wood furniture utilizes waste wood from sawmills. And it is treated through chemical & heat processes to produce wood, meeting the size requirements of customers, which are difficult to find in nature from Solid wood.

There are several types of Engineered Wood Furniture. The following are the primary & highly preferred types of Engineered Wood:

Plywood Furniture

It is one of the most extensively used & renowned Engineered Wood to manufacture furniture. Plywood is universally used for making interior furniture applications. Plywood is made through a cross-lamination process, which includes gluing & layering thin veneer sheets and landing them in alternate directions.

The veneers are klin-dried & produced from hardwood species thrown away by Solid wood manufacturers. Because of this, the pricing is on the lower end for veneers. The glue quality used for ply sheets layering plays a crucial role in Plywood furniture quality.

Medium Density Fiberboard (MDF)

It is another primarily used Engineered Wood. MDF is made by breaking down softer wood species into finer fibers, and after that, glue wax & binders are added in specific proportions. The finished product is an amalgamation of wood, perfect for making fittings & structural applications.

Furniture pieces from Medium Density Fiberboard have a smoother & splendid finish because of chemical components like wax which blends easily with the wood. It is a cost-effective wood type and requires adequate coating & precautions for not releasing VOC.

MDF is more compact than plywood in terms of compatibility. The advanced technology & high-end manufacturing methods have made MDF board’s durability outstanding, like natural wood.

Note: MDF can be used as an alternative between softwood & hardwood species.

High-Density Fiberboard (HDF)

HDF is similar to MDF, but HDF uses a significant amount of hardwood species in its blend. High Density Fiberboard is primarily used for structural applications, such as wall paneling and flooring substrate.

It is rarely employed for wooden furniture manufacturing because of its extremely rigid covering. However, it is ideal for manufacturing wardrobes & kitchen cabinets, drawers, shelves, and fittings.


After reading the blog, you will have clarity about the different types of wood used for manufacturing Home Furniture.

To summarize, there are two principal types of wood – Solid & Engineered. Under Solid wood, there are two primary types – Softwood & Hardwood. Under both of them, there are different kinds of woods mentioned in the blog. Engineered wood has three primary types: Plywood, MDF & HDF.

However, if you have questions or need additional clarification, feel free to contact us.

At 44 Wood, we manufacture customized Wooden Furniture. As one of the top Wooden Furniture Manufacturers in Accra, Ghana, we manufacture our Wooden Furniture from scratch-resistant MFC (melamine-faced chipboard wood) to avoid scratches from being developed on the top areas & edges, thereby keeping the radiant intact for the long term.

You can shop our Wooden Home Furniture online from our readymade collection on our website. For customized Wooden Home Furniture, book a free project consultation by contacting us at +233 592221787 or email at info@44wood.com.

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